Arunachal Pradesh

Arunachal Pradesh is the largest by area of the so-called “Seven Sisters” of northeastern India. With a predominantly agrarian economy, Arunachal Pradesh has the lowest population density of any Indian state. Its terrain of dense forests, mountains and unique Tibetan Buddhist culture makes it ideal for adventure and religious tourism.  The power sector plays a significant role in the state’s development with a potential of 50,000 megawatts (MW) of hydropower capacity.  The state has three international borders with the longest, an 1,080 kilometer stretch shared with China, being a source of conflict between the two countries.

State Summary

  • Size
    32,333 sq. miles
  • Population
    1.4 million
  • State GDP
    $2.09 billion (USD)
  • Legislative Assembly Seats
  • Rajya Sabha Seats
  • Lok Sabha Seats
  • Party Affiliation
    Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)
Construction work on a 2000MW dam at The Subansiri Lower Hydroelectric Project at North Lakhimpur. (STRDEL/AFP/Getty Images)
Chakma women work in a sunflower field in Diyun. (PARTHAJIT DATTA/AFP/Getty Images)
Left: Construction work on a 2000MW dam at The Subansiri Lower Hydroelectric Project at North Lakhimpur. (STRDEL/AFP/Getty Images)
Right: Chakma women work in a sunflower field in Diyun. (PARTHAJIT DATTA/AFP/Getty Images)


India faces a complex energy challenge: it needs cheap and abundant energy to power high economic growth and lift its citizens into the middle class. But it also hopes to keep its commitments to the U.N. Climate Change Convention and achieve energy independence. India’s states have the resources to generate the energy India needs, but they take different approaches to fostering the growth of the industry. This section allows you to explore energy news from India’s states and offers the Wadhwani Chair’s analysis of India’s energy sector.


Coal  •  Energy Efficiency  •  Energy-related Transportation  •  Nuclear  •  Oil and Gas  •  Power  •  Renewables

Recent Articles

One percent of power produced by Ranganadi dam will be given away for free

Chief Minister Pema Khandu announced that one percent of electricity produced by the 405 MW Ranganadi dam hydropower project will be provided free to local residents. Residents of the affected area had accused the North Eastern Electric Power Corporation Ltd of failing to meet commitments made to local citizens.

Source: Assam Tribune Go to

Environment clearance deferred for Tawang hydro project in Arunachal Pradesh

The environment ministry has deferred clearance for the 600 MW Tawang hydroelectric project on the grounds that the location is a vital wintering ground of the black necked crane, an endangered species, and other birds. The ministry will conduct environmental impact study.

Source: Livemint Go to

900 remote villages promised power and street lighting in Arunachal Pradesh

India hopes to bring power and street lighting to close to 900 remote villages in Arunachal Pradesh using off-grid renewable energy kits. The government will invite bids from companies for the project, which includes energy efficient bulbs, fans, and 8-hour battery backup

Source: Livemint Go to

Four states join center's UDAY power bailout initiative

Kerala, Tripura, Arunachal Pradesh, and Mizoram have joined the center’s debt relief scheme for power distribution companies, the Ujwal Discom Assurance Yojana (UDAY), bringing the total number of states enrolled to 27. Earlier participants have been able to reduce subsidies to debt-laden power distribution companies by 5 to 10 percent.

Sources: Hindu Business Line Go to, Press Trust of India Go to, Business Standard Go to

Related National Goals

Solar Performance Tracker — Arunachal Pradesh reaches 5.39 MW (updated September 21, 2018)

Wind Performance Tracker — Arunachal Pradesh achieves 0 MW (updated January 3, 2019)