Assam is the most populous and economically active of the northeastern states and thus acts as the nexus between the mainland and the northeast. Due to insurgencies and armed conflict spanning several decades, Assam struggled to attract major industries, however, and its primary economic drivers are agriculture, led by a thriving tea industry and energy resources – the state accounts for 15% of India’s total crude oil and 50% of the onshore natural gas output. With the settling of several conflicts, the state is poised to build out its pharmaceuticals, information technology, petrochemicals and tourism industries. However, illegal immigration from Bangladesh is perceived as a major problem and has driven increased religious conflict in the state over the past 10 years.
30,285 sq. miles
$24.65 billion (USD)
Legislative Assembly Seats
Rajya Sabha Seats
Lok Sabha Seats
Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), Asom Gana Parishad (AGP)
United People's Party Liberal (UPPL)
India faces a complex energy challenge: it needs cheap and abundant energy to power high economic growth and lift its citizens into the middle class. But it also hopes to keep its commitments to the U.N. Climate Change Convention and achieve energy independence. India’s states have the resources to generate the energy India needs, but they take different approaches to fostering the growth of the industry. This section allows you to explore energy news from India’s states and offers the Wadhwani Chair’s analysis of India’s energy sector.
Effective from April 1, the tariffs for Assam Power Generation Company Limited (APGCL) have been reduced by $0.002 to $0.005 per kilowatt-hour across all categories.
Assam’s budget proposed a series of cash incentives including, a $1.3 billion sop to 2.7 million poor households, free rice to 5.8 million households, and free electricity to all households with a monthly consumption of less than 30 kWh.
State-run ONGC has received environment clearance for carrying out onshore exploration, development and production of oil and gas in 100 locations in non-forest area of Assam.
Oil production is down over 75 percent in Assam due to state-wide protests of the Citizenship Amendment Act.
Related National Goals
U.S.–India Energy Cooperation Project Tracker — There is currently no data available for . (updated July 3, 2019)
Solar Performance Tracker — Assam reaches 68.55 MW (updated March 31, 2021)
Wind Performance Tracker — Assam achieves 0 MW (updated March 30, 2021)
While India’s healthcare system is expansive in terms of the number of beneficiaries covered, inequalities in access to high-quality yet affordable care continue to plague delivery systems and push citizens towards the more unregulated private sector. Similarly, while India’s National Health Policy of 2017 promises to reform this system, the responsibility to institute those reforms falls to the states who each have their own unique challenges and opportunities to meet the healthcare needs of their people. This section allows you to explore emerging healthcare policies and news covering new initiatives from India’s states and offers the Wadhwani Chair’s analysis of India’s healthcare sector.
In an effort to curb population growth, the Assam government has decided that people with more than two children will not be eligible for government jobs after January 1, 2021.
The Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati, has signed an MOU with the Pollution Control Board Assam to tackle air pollution problems in Assam, where particle levels exceed the annual average ambient air quality standards.
The National Health Mission in Assam has launched an Intensified Diarrhoea Control Fortnight campaign, targeting 3.4 million children.
The Assam government announced new measures to provide financial relief to thousands of workers and employees under the center’s Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA) and National Health Mission (NHM) programs. The incentives include increasing the monthly deposit to ASHA workers from $14 to $42, as well as a pension of $42 per month for NHM employees and ASHA workers after they reach they reach the age of 60.