Bihar

Bihar has a historical reputation of being India’s the poorest, densest, and most lawless state, rich only in emigrants who provide low-wage labor in every city in India. However, in recent years, Bihar has frequently achieved double-digit growth thanks to the state government’s relentless focus on public works and on ensuring that even the poorest inhabitants can access state hand-outs. While this has raised the standard of living somewhat, Bihar is yet to position itself as a competitor for private investment.  Being largely an agrarian economy, the state government hopes to add value to its food processing and dairy industries and strengthening its textile and leather industries. 

State Summary

  • Size
    36,357 sq. miles
  • Population
    104 million
  • State GDP
    $53.11 billion (USD)
  • Legislative Assembly Seats
    243
  • Rajya Sabha Seats
    16
  • Lok Sabha Seats
    40
  • Party Affiliation
    Janata Dal (United) (JD(U)), Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), Hindustani Awam Morcha (HAM), Vikassheel Insaan Party (VIP)
Commuters overcrowd a local passenger train on the Patna-Gaya railway track in Patna. (STR/AFP/Getty Images)
Gerbera Cultivation-in Poly-house, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agriculture University. (Neerajk.bit, licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0)
Left: Commuters overcrowd a local passenger train on the Patna-Gaya railway track in Patna. (STR/AFP/Getty Images)
Right: Gerbera Cultivation-in Poly-house, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agriculture University. (Neerajk.bit, licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0)
Energy

Energy

India faces a complex energy challenge: it needs cheap and abundant energy to power high economic growth and lift its citizens into the middle class. But it also hopes to keep its commitments to the U.N. Climate Change Convention and achieve energy independence. India’s states have the resources to generate the energy India needs, but they take different approaches to fostering the growth of the industry. This section allows you to explore energy news from India’s states and offers the Wadhwani Chair’s analysis of India’s energy sector.

Subsectors

Coal  •  Energy Efficiency  •  Energy-related Transportation  •  Nuclear  •  Oil and Gas  •  Power  •  Renewables  • 

Recent Articles

Bihar Approves Hike in Electricity Tariff for FY 2021-22

Bihar approves an average cumulative hike in the electricity tariff for the financial year (FY) 2021-22. The tariff is revised from $0.0007 per kilowatt hour (kWh) to $0.0048 per kWh for domestic urban consumers.


Source: Hindustan Times Go to
In Detail: Press Release Go to

Bihar Announces Ethanol Promotion Production Policy, 2021

Bihar announces its Ethanol Production Promotion Policy, 2021. The policy offers multiple incentives to investors in the state, including a subsidy of 15 percent of the cost of plant and machinery.


Source: Economic Times Go to
In Detail: Policy (Hindi) Go to

Bihar releases draft tariff regulations for renewable energy projects.

The Bihar Electricity Regulatory Commission (BERC) releases draft tariff regulations for renewable energy projects. These regulations will be valid for the financial year (FY) 2020-21 to FY 2022-23.


Source: Mercom Go to
In Detail: BERC Regulation Go to

10p/unit reduction in Bihar’s power tariff

The Bihar Electricity Regulatory Commission reduced power tariff by $0.0013 per kilowatt-hour across all the categories of consumers. The new tariff rates will be applicable across the state from April 1, 2020.


Source: Hindustan Times Go to
In Detail: Tariff Order Go to

Related National Goals

U.S.–India Energy Cooperation Project TrackerThere is currently no data available for . (updated July 3, 2019)

Solar Performance Tracker — Bihar reaches 159.51 MW (updated March 31, 2021)

Wind Performance Tracker — Bihar achieves 0 MW (updated March 30, 2021)

Health

Health

While India’s healthcare system is expansive in terms of the number of beneficiaries covered, inequalities in access to high-quality yet affordable care continue to plague delivery systems and push citizens towards the more unregulated private sector. Similarly, while India’s National Health Policy of 2017 promises to reform this system, the responsibility to institute those reforms falls to the states who each have their own unique challenges and opportunities to meet the healthcare needs of their people. This section allows you to explore emerging healthcare policies and news covering new initiatives from India’s states and offers the Wadhwani Chair’s analysis of India’s healthcare sector.

Recent Articles

Bihar govt bans 12 pan masala brands for one year after magnesium carbonate found in samples collected from nine districts

The Nitish Kumar government banned 12 pan masala brands in Bihar for a period of one year for containing magnesium carbonate which causes health problems, an official said. The decision was taken by the state government following the presence of magnesium carbonate in all the 20 samples of pan masala collected from nine districts by food safety officers.


Source: First Post Go to

Bihar cabinet approved redevelopment of Patna Medical College and Hospital

The Bihar cabinet approved the redevelopment of Patna Medical College and Hospital into the world’s largest hospital with 5,462 beds at an estimated cost of $763 million.


Source: Economic Times Go to

Along with center, Bihar launched program to provide immunizations to pregnant women and children

Along with center, Bihar launched the Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI) which will provide essential immunizations to pregnant women and children under the age of two across the state aimed at covering 90 percent of the population under the program by December 2018. The first phase of IMI in Bihar will be held from November 7-18, 2017.


Source: Times of India Go to
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