Bihar has a historical reputation of being India’s the poorest, densest, and most lawless state, rich only in emigrants who provide low-wage labor in every city in India. However, in recent years, Bihar has frequently achieved double-digit growth thanks to the state government’s relentless focus on public works and on ensuring that even the poorest inhabitants can access state hand-outs. While this has raised the standard of living somewhat, Bihar is yet to position itself as a competitor for private investment. Being largely an agrarian economy, the state government hopes to add value to its food processing and dairy industries and strengthening its textile and leather industries.
36,357 sq. miles
$53.11 billion (USD)
Legislative Assembly Seats
Rajya Sabha Seats
Lok Sabha Seats
Janata Dal (United) (JD(U))
Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)
India faces a complex energy challenge: it needs cheap and abundant energy to power high economic growth and lift its citizens into the middle class. But it also hopes to keep its commitments to the U.N. Climate Change Convention and achieve energy independence. India’s states have the resources to generate the energy India needs, but they take different approaches to fostering the growth of the industry. This section allows you to explore energy news from India’s states and offers the Wadhwani Chair’s analysis of India’s energy sector.
The Bihar government approved a plan to install prepaid smart meters in all households across the state in the next four to five years. The plan will build upon the state government’s efforts to install smart meters in 6,000 to 7,000 government buildings on an experimental basis.
The Bihar Renewable Energy Development Agency has issued a request for proposal for the installation of 15 megawatts (MW) of grid connected rooftop solar PV systems.
The state-run National Thermal Power Corporation acquired the 720-megawatt (MW) Barauni thermal power plant in Bihar from the Bihar State Power Generation Company Ltd. The plant has 220 MW capacity and is building another 500 MW of capacity.
All households in the state of Bihar have been provided with electricity connections, irrespective of their location, two months ahead of the December 31 deadline for universal household electrification under the Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana, or Saubhagya scheme. Power Minister R.K. Singh, a lawmaker from Arrah, Bihar, has been credited for this exercise.
Related National Goals
Solar Performance Tracker — Bihar reaches 142.45 MW (updated April 5, 2019)
Wind Performance Tracker — Bihar achieves 0 MW (updated April 5, 2019)
While India’s healthcare system is expansive in terms of the number of beneficiaries covered, inequalities in access to high-quality yet affordable care continue to plague delivery systems and push citizens towards the more unregulated private sector. Similarly, while India’s National Health Policy of 2017 promises to reform this system, the responsibility to institute those reforms falls to the states who each have their own unique challenges and opportunities to meet the healthcare needs of their people. This section allows you to explore emerging healthcare policies and news covering new initiatives from India’s states and offers the Wadhwani Chair’s analysis of India’s healthcare sector.
The Bihar cabinet approved the redevelopment of Patna Medical College and Hospital into the world’s largest hospital with 5,462 beds at an estimated cost of $763 million.
Along with center, Bihar launched the Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI) which will provide essential immunizations to pregnant women and children under the age of two across the state aimed at covering 90 percent of the population under the program by December 2018. The first phase of IMI in Bihar will be held from November 7-18, 2017.
The maternal mortality rate in Bihar has fallen sharply in the last four years, from 208 to 93 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births.