Himachal Pradesh

North India’s power generator, mountainous Himachal Pradesh is a relatively well-off state that accounts for 26% of India’s hydro power potential.  Almost 90 percent of the state’s population lives in rural areas, and the economy is thus largely driven by agriculture. Himachal Pradesh’s difficult terrain, lack of infrastructure, and status as a backwater that shares a high-altitude border with China have made industries slow to enter the state.  However, the state has a growing number of tourists who are interested in adventure and spiritual tourism – the latter is bolstered by the fact that the state is home to the Tibetan government in exile.  Himachal Pradesh has also emerged as the largest hub for drug manufacturing units in Asia with over 300 pharmaceutical companies operating in the state. 

State Summary

  • Size
    21,495 sq. miles
  • Population
    6.9 million
  • State GDP
    $12.76 billion (USD)
  • Legislative Assembly Seats
  • Rajya Sabha Seats
  • Lok Sabha Seats
  • Party Affiliation
    Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)
Snow lies on rooftops in Shimla, after heavy winter showers. (STR/AFP/Getty Images)
A farmer harvests this season's cauliflower crop near Kullu town. (Neil Palmer (CIAT), licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0)
Left: Snow lies on rooftops in Shimla, after heavy winter showers. (STR/AFP/Getty Images)
Right: A farmer harvests this season's cauliflower crop near Kullu town. (Neil Palmer (CIAT), licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0)


India faces a complex energy challenge: it needs cheap and abundant energy to power high economic growth and lift its citizens into the middle class. But it also hopes to keep its commitments to the U.N. Climate Change Convention and achieve energy independence. India’s states have the resources to generate the energy India needs, but they take different approaches to fostering the growth of the industry. This section allows you to explore energy news from India’s states and offers the Wadhwani Chair’s analysis of India’s energy sector.


Coal  •  Energy Efficiency  •  Energy-related Transportation  •  Nuclear  •  Oil and Gas  •  Power  •  Renewables  • 

Recent Articles

Himachal Pradesh reduces subsidies for domestic power consumers

Himachal Pradesh Electricity Regulatory Commission reduces subsidies being offered to domestic power consumers by increasing the effective tariffs. The tariff for domestic consumers of 126-300/kilowatt hour per month has increased by 34 percent.

Source: Mercom Go to

Himachal Pradesh rationalizes subsidies for electricity consumers

The state government has decided to rationalize the subsidy provided to the electricity consumers in the state and withdraw $14.5 million out of the earlier announced subsidy of $63.5 million for the electricity board.

Source: Hindustan Times Go to
In Detail: Cabinet Decision Go to

Himachal Pradesh Sets Levelized Tariffs for Solar Projects for Last Six Months of FY 2019-20

The Himachal Pradesh Electricity Regulatory Commission has issued tariffs for solar PV projects for the last six months of the financial year 2019-20. The proposed tariff will be applicable only for small capacities up to 5 MW.

Source: Mercom Go to
In Detail: Tariff details Go to

Related National Goals

U.S.–India Energy Cooperation Project TrackerThere is currently no data available for . (updated July 3, 2019)

Solar Performance Tracker — Himachal Pradesh reaches 42.73 MW (updated March 31, 2021)

Wind Performance Tracker — Himachal Pradesh achieves 0 MW (updated March 30, 2021)



While India’s healthcare system is expansive in terms of the number of beneficiaries covered, inequalities in access to high-quality yet affordable care continue to plague delivery systems and push citizens towards the more unregulated private sector. Similarly, while India’s National Health Policy of 2017 promises to reform this system, the responsibility to institute those reforms falls to the states who each have their own unique challenges and opportunities to meet the healthcare needs of their people. This section allows you to explore emerging healthcare policies and news covering new initiatives from India’s states and offers the Wadhwani Chair’s analysis of India’s healthcare sector.

Recent Articles

Swasth Report Of Himachal Pradesh: Making A Steady Progress Himachal Improves In Malnutrition Under 5 Status

Even with 90 percent of Himachal Pradesh’s population residing in rural areas, the state has ranked among the top three states in India’s Child Well-Being Index, and in the top 10 for improved health index scores in NITI Aayog’s Health Index Report of 2019.

Source: Swach India Go to

NGO funds free surgeries for children with congenital cleft lip and palate

Smile Train India, a non-government organization, signed an MOU with the National Health Mission in Himachal Pradesh provide free surgeries for the children with congenital cleft lip and palate.

Source: 5 Dariya News Go to

Himachal Pradesh to be first state to launch single emergeny telephone number

Himachal Pradesh became the first Indian state to launch a single emergency number “112” which will connect to police, fire, health, and other helplines through an Emergency Response Center in the state.

Source: NDTV Go to