Kerala is proud of its reputation as one of India’s most independent states, pursuing a course quite different from that laid out by the central government. It has nurtured a leftist economic model that has brought stellar human development indicators but has failed to provide enough jobs, leading millions of residents to seek work in the Gulf over the past generation. Kerala is now seeking to create jobs at home, with a strong emphasis on making itself an IT and start-up hub.

State Summary

  • Size
    15,005 sq. miles
  • Population
    33.4 million
  • State GDP
    $61.25 billion (USD)
  • Legislative Assembly Seats
  • Rajya Sabha Seats
  • Lok Sabha Seats
  • Party Affiliation
    Left Democratic Front (LDF)
Houseboats in Alleppey, Kerala. (Saad Faruque, licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0)
Fertilizing a rice paddy in Kerala.
Left: Houseboats in Alleppey, Kerala. (Saad Faruque, licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0)
Right: Fertilizing a rice paddy in Kerala.


India faces a complex energy challenge: it needs cheap and abundant energy to power high economic growth and lift its citizens into the middle class. But it also hopes to keep its commitments to the U.N. Climate Change Convention and achieve energy independence. India’s states have the resources to generate the energy India needs, but they take different approaches to fostering the growth of the industry. This section allows you to explore energy news from India’s states and offers the Wadhwani Chair’s analysis of India’s energy sector.


Coal  •  Energy Efficiency  •  Energy-related Transportation  •  Nuclear  •  Oil and Gas  •  Power  •  Renewables

Recent Articles

Kerala approves state Electric Vehicles Policy

The Kerala cabinet has approved the state’s Electric Vehicle Policy. The policy envisages a phased reduction in pollution, fuel-saving measures and increase in the use of electric vehicles.

Source: New Indian Express Go to

Kerala to establish 20 new small hydroelectric projects

The Cabinet cleared a proposal to establish 20 small hydroelectric projects under the build, own, operate, and transfer model. Kerala will buy the power they produce under a 30-year contract with private power producers. The tariff will be decided by the Kerala State Electricity Regulatory Commission.

Source: The Hindu Go to

NHPC tries out new revenue-sharing model for wind power

The National Hydropower Corporation (NHPC) is experimenting with a new revenue-sharing model for wind power. Tribal communities in Palakkad district will receive 5 percent of revenue from an 8 MW wind farm built on their land. In 2014 the previous state government tried to build 82 MW of wind capacity in the area but abandoned the project due to difficulties acquiring land.

Source: The Hindu Go to

Kerala completes largest floating solar plant in India

The Kerala State Electricity Board has completed the largest floating solar plant in India, with .5 MW capacity. The project was built by Trivandrum-based Adtech Systems at the Banasura Sagar reservoir in Wayanad.

Source: PV Tech Go to

Related National Goals

Solar Performance Tracker — Kerala reaches 138.49 MW (updated September 21, 2018)

Wind Performance Tracker — Kerala achieves 43.5 MW (updated March 31, 2016)