Odisha struggles with significant challenges, including a difficult neighborhood, persistent left-wing violence, and interior districts that are some of the poorest and most isolated in India. The state government, led by the Biju Janata Dal, has largely responded with populist measures that have won it unusual stability in office.  Odisha was an early adopter of power sector reforms; more recently its capital, Bhubaneswar, was the first ranked “Smart City” in the country.  Paired with relative political stability, Odisha’s stature as an investment destination is rising.  

State Summary

  • Size
    60,119 sq. miles
  • Population
    42 million
  • State GDP
    $42.19 billion (USD)
  • Legislative Assembly Seats
  • Rajya Sabha Seats
  • Lok Sabha Seats
  • Party Affiliation
    Biju Janata Dal (BJD)
A general view of the Vedanta aluminum refinery at Lanjigarh. (STRDEL/AFP/Getty Images)
Hindu devotees gather as three giant chariots are pulled during the Rath Yatra of Lord Jagannath in Puri. (STR/AFP/GettyImages)
Left: A general view of the Vedanta aluminum refinery at Lanjigarh. (STRDEL/AFP/Getty Images)
Right: Hindu devotees gather as three giant chariots are pulled during the Rath Yatra of Lord Jagannath in Puri. (STR/AFP/GettyImages)


India faces a complex energy challenge: it needs cheap and abundant energy to power high economic growth and lift its citizens into the middle class. But it also hopes to keep its commitments to the U.N. Climate Change Convention and achieve energy independence. India’s states have the resources to generate the energy India needs, but they take different approaches to fostering the growth of the industry. This section allows you to explore energy news from India’s states and offers the Wadhwani Chair’s analysis of India’s energy sector.


Coal  •  Energy Efficiency  •  Energy-related Transportation  •  Nuclear  •  Oil and Gas  •  Power  •  Renewables  • 

Recent Articles

Odisha approves establishment of integrated refinery

The Odisha government approved a proposal by Haldia Petrochemicals Limited to set up an integrated refinery with an aromatics complex for the production of paraxylene and purified terepthalic acid in Balasore district. The estimated investment on the project is approximately $4.05 billion (Rs. 28,700 crore).

Source: The Hindu Business Line Go to

National Hydro Power Corporation invites bids for a 40 MW solar power project

The National Hydro Power Corporation has invited bids from engineering, procurement, and construction contractors to install a 40 MW crystalline PV grid-connected solar power project in south Odisha’s Ganjam district. The selected developer will be responsible for operating and maintain the plant, as well as ensuring the construction of a 132 kilovolt transmission line.

Source: Business Standard Go to

Aditya Birla Renewables signed long-term PPA with Odisha's Gridco for 75 MW solar plant

Aditya Birla Renewables Ltd, part of the Aditya Birla Group, signed a long-term power purchase agreement with Odisha’s power trader Gridco to develop a 75 MW solar power plant in the state. The company offered the lowest bid of $0.04 per kilowatt-hour, or unit, in response to a 200 MW solar power tender floated by Gridco.

Source: Business Standard Go to

Related National Goals

U.S.–India Energy Cooperation Project TrackerThere is currently no data available for . (updated July 3, 2019)

Solar Performance Tracker — Odisha reaches 394.73 MW (updated May 11, 2019)

Wind Performance Tracker — Odisha achieves 0 MW (updated May 11, 2019)



While India’s healthcare system is expansive in terms of the number of beneficiaries covered, inequalities in access to high-quality yet affordable care continue to plague delivery systems and push citizens towards the more unregulated private sector. Similarly, while India’s National Health Policy of 2017 promises to reform this system, the responsibility to institute those reforms falls to the states who each have their own unique challenges and opportunities to meet the healthcare needs of their people. This section allows you to explore emerging healthcare policies and news covering new initiatives from India’s states and offers the Wadhwani Chair’s analysis of India’s healthcare sector.

Recent Articles

School girls in Odisha to receive free sanitary pads

The Odisha cabinet approved the ‘Khushi Yojana’ to provide 1.725 million school girls in the state with free sanitary pads, and allocated $65.58 million over 5 years.

Source: People matters Go to
In Detail: Odisha BPO Policy 2019 Go to

Abbott will provide testing kits and funding to support goal of eliminating malaria

Healthcare multinational company Abbott announced it will provide one million rapid diagnostic testing kits and $840,000 funding over three years to support the goal of eliminating malaria. The funding will support capacity building, including training workers on the ground to screen and report cases into the state’s surveillance system.

Source: The Hindu Business Line Go to

Odia citizens living outside the state are now eligible for insurance

The Odisha government announced that Odia citizens living outside the state, particularly migrant workers, are now eligible for the state’s health insurance scheme, Biju Swasthya Kalyan Yojana.

Source: Indian Express Go to

State government signs MOU with US agencies to eradicate malaria

In a bid to eradicate malaria from Odisha, the state government signed an MOU with two U.S.-based agencies - Malaria No More and Malaria Elimination Trust – to help the state government prepare a strategy on how to overcome the disease.

Source: Business Standard Go to
In Detail: U.S. agency portal - Odisha program Go to